Hydrolysis of macromolecules

The plant can utilize the energy in starch by first hydrolyzing it, making the glucose available. Until you contribute 10 documents, you'll only be able to view the titles of the uploaded documents.


Link two paper clips together and show that the molecule is growing and since the monomer single molecule subunit usually contains carbon, the chains can be very long.

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It is the hydrolysis of a triglyceride fat with an aqueous base such as sodium hydroxide NaOH. Finally, begin boiling the water for the water bath. The best-known disaccharide is sucrose table sugar. Four of the five kingdoms, protists, plants, fungi, and animals are made up of eukaryotic cells.

Two, three, several or many monosaccharides thus linked form disaccharidestrisaccharidesoligosaccharides or polysaccharidesrespectively. Because lipids are more reduced than carbohydrates, consisting primarily of hydrocarbon chains, their oxidation yields substantially more energy per weight of starting material.


Its is a component of the cell walls. These can be joined to form polysaccharides 3. This keeps the ratios simple.

The Structure and Function of Macromolecules

The nucleus of the eukaryotes is surrounded in the cell by the cytoplasm. They have genetic material DNA but it is in a nucleoid region. Mono is Greek for one, and saccharide is Greek for sugar.

After making the cards, have students study or play games with them such as Password or Pictionary.


More about phospholipids when we cover membrane structure. This results in biosynthesis reactions, which usually occur in chains, that can be driven in the direction of synthesis when the phosphate bonds have undergone hydrolysis.

Langguth bonding between the R groups examples: The process leads to depolymerization. Through eight further reactions, two carbons of citrate are completely oxidized to CO2 and oxaloacetate is regenerated.

Other amylase enzymes may convert starch to glucose or to oligosaccharides. In plants the most abundant photosynthetic pigments are the chlorophylls Figure 2.Hydrolysis Report Bile Esculin Hydrolysis, Starch Hydrolysis, UreaHydrolysis, Casein Hydrolysis Hydrolysis Report Introduction Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction that uses water to split complex molecules.

The water molecule H2O is split in the mechanism of hydrolysis, hydrogen cations and hydroxide anions. When the enzyme catalyzes its reaction inside the cell, it is referred to as.

Condensation and hydrolysis reactions are catalyzed, or “sped up,” by specific enzymes; condensation reactions involve the formation of new bonds, requiring energy, while hydrolysis reactions break bonds and release energy.

These reactions are similar for most macromolecules, but each monomer and polymer reaction is specific for its class. Hydrolysis can be the reverse of a condensation reaction in which two molecules join together into a larger one and eject a water molecule.

Thus hydrolysis adds water to break down, whereas condensation builds up by removing water and any other solvents. Hydrolysis is the process of using water to break down a molecule into two parts.

The prefix 'hydro-' means water, while the suffix '-lysis' means to break down.


The prefix 'hydro-' means water. Breakdown of Polymers Polymers are broken down into monomers by hydrolysis Hydrolytic enzyme - speeds up the reaction rate of hydrolysis.

Hydrolysis releases energy, and makes macromolecules smaller. Carbohydrates Include sugars and polymers of sugars. The hydrolysis of protein is termed proteolysis and the enzyme involved is called a protease. In this exercise we will test for bacterial hydrolysis of the protein casein, the protein that gives milk its white, opaque appearance.

Hydrolysis of macromolecules
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